Indians of Virginia :: History of Virginia

Indians of Virginia

December 7, 2016
John Smith identified tribes

It’s, put without doubt to coincide using increased attention compensated to Indians with their role in conventional Thanksgiving narrative. (that, , is a Virginia narrative very first.) Therefore, this is not constantly the very best environment to know about Virginia Indians, whom don’t fit neatly into many of our presumptions and stereotypes. That’s why we would you like to phone unique focus on the Virginia Indian content in Encyclopedia Virginia.

Focus on our overview entry on, that may provide an idea of the breadth and range of your content. You’ll look for archaeological, sociological, political, and biographical entries, material on -era Indians, the usual and stories, but also . There’s absolutely nothing else quite like it on the internet and sometimes even in print—this sort of wide-ranging, attached, current, and respected content on a subject including Virginia Indians.

Simply yesterday I happened to be showing our overview entry to some teachers in Richmond and another requested, quite fairly, exactly how we understand what we realize about Virginia Indians and exactly how we can trust it. The element of the entry tackles that difficult but essential question. Most of that which we understand originates from English sources—the picture above including, which can be a Belgian engraving done from an English artwork of an Indian in vermont, a painting which contains much eye-witness information filtered through, as you can inform because of the pose, as an example, classical impacts.

Quite simply, when working with sources similar to this image it's hard to learn for sure that which we know and don’t know and just how a great deal to trust it. But that’s record.

As I’ve, “History is certainly not what’s real, exactly what we argue does work.”

Anyhow, find out more about Virginia Indians and, as always, write to us everything you believe.

MODIFY: Find below a directory of some of our most useful Virginia Indian content.

IMAGE: Aliquot Heroum Virginiae Notae (The markings of a number of the Leading guys of Virginia), engraving by Theodor de Bry from an artwork by John White, ca. 1590 (The Mariners’ Museum)


This overview entry provides an opportunity into our numerous detailed entries on Virginia Indians and includes links to major papers, images of artifacts, and a brief audio video of a specialist interview.

This archaeological web site in Sussex County provides surprising information regarding the first visitors to live in Virginia. Who have been they? Just how did they get here? Our entry provides an accessible summary of the latest grant.

Paquiquineo ended up being one of the most fascinating and mysterious figures in Virginia history. Picked up because of the Spanish in 1561, he spent another nine years in Spain and Mexico, studying with Dominicans then Jesuits. Just what happened upon their return in 1570 could be the topic of continued debate.

Tsenacomoco could be the Algonquian name for what has-been called the Powhatan paramount chiefdom (and often the Powhatan confederacy). Our entry describes how the alliance had been formed and how, finally, it fell aside.

This entry identifies the 3 primary languages that Virginia Indians talked at the time of the Jamestown settlement and explains just how language played a crucial role in Anglo-Powhatan relations.


Our biographical entries shed historic light on a father and child usually lost to misconception.

Powhatan’s cousin (or near kinsman), Opechancanough had been one of the most essential Virginia Indians of their day. He grabbed John Smith and led assaults from the English in 1622 and 1644 before his death in 1646.


During these two wars, fought 1609–1614 and 1622–1632, Virginia Indians fought the encroaching Englishmen. And while the Indians didn't win, neither were they completely conquered.

Our many detailed entries on Virginia Indian tradition investigate the day-to-day lives of Virginia locals: the way they arranged by themselves politically, how they practiced religion, whatever they consumed, and also the homes within that they slept.

This will be one of several entries we now have on individual tribes. The Monacan Indians spoke a Siouan language and lived—continue to live—in the Piedmont. The tribe received state recognition in 1989.

To comprehend where Virginia’s Indians are now, it’s essential to understand the manner in which their particular identities had been politically erased, especially in the 1920s. This entry gives an intensive summary of a number of laws and regulations passed when you look at the 1920s that looked for to divide Virginia between monochrome, and leaving Indians down entirely.

This is a main document because of the English clerk, journalist, and historian William Strachey, just who studied the Virginia Indians of Tsenacomoco and developed a list of terms from their language.

That is a major document in which the historian Robert Beverley describes the mysterious huskanaw ritual in which Virginia Indian kids—sometimes violently—were changed into guys.

In this primary document, the colonist John Rolfe asks the Virginia deputy governor for authorization to get married Pocahontas.

In this primary document, the typical Assembly approves the terms of a treaty that brings many Virginia Indians under English control and perhaps removes them to reservations.

This audio meeting features scholars and Virginia Indians discussing the way the Racial Integrity Act worked to erase Indian social identification.

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