The few slaves in Virginia regarding eve for the Civil War is detailed within chart on the basis of the census figures of 1860. (The 1860 federal census contained the final official count of enslaved African Us citizens in the us.) The map, developed by america Coast study, used shading to indicate the thickness of this slave populace in each county—the darker the county, the greater amount of slaves it contained. A failure regarding the precise numbers of whites and slaves in each county, plus the percentage of the population that has been enslaved, is shown in dining table at remaining.
In 39 of 148 counties about half the people ended up being enslaved. Nottaway County had the highest percentage of slaves at 74 % (6, 468 slaves and 2, 270 whites). Albemarle, with Charlottesville as the county seat, had a population of roughly 14, 000 slaves and 12, 000 whites. In comparison, Hancock County, into the severe northwestern end regarding the state, counted only two slaves amid a white population of 4, 442. This map helps visualize the fact of slavery in Virginia: the economic climate associated with eastern the main state, that has been largely according to agriculture, had the greatest percentage of slaves, whilst mountain areas towards the western, which depended more about business and no-cost labor, had less slaves.
The Coast research, produced in 1807 to chart American coasts and harbors, had broadened its studies underneath the leadership of the superintendent, Alexander Dalles Bache, which took over in 1843. Under Bache two maps charting slavery had been produced predicated on numbers through the 1860 census—this one regarding Virginia, and a different one showing the focus of slaves in the entire South. Each of the servant maps became effective pro-Union propaganda resources. This map was posted in Washington, D.C., on Summer 13, 1861, 2 months following the war had begun, and, as noted in the bottom left, had been "Sold for the good thing about the unwell and wounded of this U.S. Army."